Portugal gründet auf Macau die erste europäische Kolonie in Asien. So klein und unbedeutend Macau im Gegensatz zu Hongkong auch erscheinen mag, die . Mação [mɐˈsɐ̃ũ] ist eine Kleinstadt (Vila) im gleichnamigen Landkreis in Portugal. Inhaltsverzeichnis. 1 Wappen; 2 Geschichte; 3 Verwaltung. Der Kreis; Macau (chinesisch 澳門 / 澳门, Pinyin Àomén, Jyutping Ou3mun4*2, englisch Macao; . erklärte Portugal einseitig Macau zu seinem Freihafen. Doch die Chinesen sind militärisch bei Weitem nicht so größte passagierschiffe der welt wie ihre europäischen Gegner. Im Jerry casino, der gesamte Glücksspielsektor wird weiter ausgebaut. Beste Spielothek in Mollnitz finden Mai eröffnete das mit einer goldenen Fassade versehene Sands Macauein Kasino seit mit Hoteldessen Baukosten sich in weniger als einem Jahr amortisierten. Skip to main content. An den Sommerwochenenden findet immer irgendwo in einem der Dörfer des Kreises ein Volksfest statt.
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You may also enter an additional message that will be also included in the e-mail. A fifteen-year free education is currently being offered to residents, that includes a three-year kindergarten, followed by a six-year primary education and a six-year secondary education.
The literacy rate of the territory is Macau does not have its own region-wide education system; non-tertiary schools follow either the British, the Chinese, Portuguese, or the Canadian education system.
There are currently 10 tertiary educational institutions in the region, four of them being public.
According to the by-census, among the resident population aged 14 and above, only As prescribed by the Macau Basic Law Chapter VI Article , the Government of Macau shall, on its own, formulate policies on education, including policies regarding the educational system and its administration, the language of instruction, the allocation of funds, the examination system, the recognition of educational qualifications, and the system of academic awards so as to promote educational development.
The government shall also in accordance with law, gradually institute a compulsory education system. Community organizations and individuals may, in accordance with law, run educational undertakings of various kinds.
Macau is served by one major public hospital, the Hospital Conde S. In addition to hospitals, Macau also has numerous health centres providing free basic medical care to residents.
Consultation in traditional Chinese medicine is also available. None of the Macau hospitals are independently assessed through international healthcare accreditation.
There are no western-style medical schools in Macau, and thus all aspiring physicians in Macau have to obtain their education and qualification elsewhere.
The Macau Corps of Firefighters Portuguese: The Macau Red Cross also operates ambulances Toyota HiAce vans for emergency and non-emergencies to local hospitals with volunteer staff.
The organization has a total of uniformed firefighters and paramedics serving from 7 stations in Macau. The Health Bureau in Macau is mainly responsible for coordinating the activities between the public and private organizations in the area of public health , and assure the health of citizens through specialized and primary health care services, as well as disease prevention and health promotion.
It also handles the organization of care and prevention of diseases affecting the population, sets guidelines for hospitals and private healthcare providers, and issues licences.
As of [update] Macau healthcare authorities send patients to Queen Mary Hospital in Hong Kong in instances where the local Macau hospitals are not equipped to deal with their scenarios, and many Macau residents intentionally seek healthcare in Hong Kong because they place more trust in Hong Kong doctors than in Mainland-trained doctors operating in Macau.
In Macau, traffic drives on the left , unlike in either mainland China or Portugal, but like neighbouring Hong Kong. Buses and taxis are the major modes of public transport in Macau.
Macau has two public bus operators: Transmac and Transportes Coletivos de Macau, which operate routes covering most of the city, making it the best public transport for traveling inside Macau and its islands.
Free Casino Shuttle Buses are everywhere in Macau. Due to tourism being the main economic industry in Macau a majority of the larger hotels provide free round trip shuttle bus services which cover the major tourist sites including the airport, Outer Harbour Ferry Terminal, Taipa Temporary Ferry Terminal and other sites.
The frequency for each route is usually 15 minutes. The taxi system is noted for having a notoriously poor reputation among tourists and even locals.
Common complaints include "constant overcharging, refusal of passengers when the destination or passenger type does not suit the driver, circuitous routes and even violent behaviour".
It is planned to open in Macau has one active international airport, known as Macau International Airport located at the eastern end of Taipa and neighbouring waters.
The airport used to serve as one of the main transit hubs for passengers travelling between mainland China and Taiwan , but now with the introduction of direct flights between those two regions, passenger traffic in this regard has lessened.
In , the airport handled about 5 million passengers. The mixing of the Chinese and Portuguese cultures and religious traditions for more than four centuries has left Macau with an inimitable collection of holidays, festivals and events.
The biggest event of the year is the Macau Grand Prix in November,  when the main streets in Macau Peninsula are converted to a racetrack bearing similarities with the Monaco Grand Prix.
The Lunar Chinese New Year is the most important traditional festival and celebration normally takes place in late January or early February.
All events and festivities of the year end with Winter Solstice in December. Macau preserves many historical properties in the urban area.
One of the main examples of the report is that the headquarter of the Liaison Office of the Central People's Government, which is located on the Guia foothill and obstructs the view of the Guia Fortress one of the world heritages symbols of Macao.
Local cooking in Macau consists of a blend of Cantonese and Portuguese cuisines. Many unique dishes resulted from the spice blends that the wives of Portuguese sailors used in an attempt to replicate European dishes.
Pork chop bun , ginger milk and Portuguese-style egg tart are also very popular in Macau. In general, football soccer has the greatest popularity in Macau, which has a representative international side, Macau national football team.
Another common sport is rink hockey , which is often practised by the Portuguese. Macau also has a basketball team , which qualified for the Asian Basketball Championship twice.
The automobile racing event Macau Grand Prix is arguably the most important international sporting event in Macau, mainly with Formula 3 , motorcycle road racing and touring car races.
The racecourse has a 15, seater grandstand. Macau is twinned with: Administrative divisions of the Republic of China instead. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Special Administrative Region of China. For other uses of "Macau" or "Macao", see Macau disambiguation. Show map of China.
Cantonese a Portuguese b. Traditional Chinese b Portuguese orthography. Portuguese shares equal status with Chinese in all official proceedings.
The government of Macau calculates its own HDI. Legal system of Macau. People's Liberation Army Macau Garrison.
Foreign relations of Macau. View of the old city in Macau with tenement housing in the foreground. Economy of Macau and Gambling in Macau.
Sands Casino , Macau. Governador Nobre de Carvalho Bridge, Macau. Demographics of Macau and Macau people.
List of hospitals in Macau. Macau Security Force and Macao Garrison. Public Security Police Force of Macau. Corpo de Bombeiros de Macau.
Commission Against Corruption Macau. Clockwise from top right: Paul's ; Casino Lisboa ; St. Na Tcha Temple , Macau.
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Macau portal China portal Asia portal Geography portal. Retrieved 15 September — via Google Books. Archived from the original on 3 January Retrieved 1 January Statistics and Census Service.
Archived from the original on 30 December Retrieved 3 January Archived from the original on 12 September The New York Times. Retrieved 5 July Archived from the original on 30 July The world's gambling capital".
Archived from the original on 10 June Archived from the original on 3 May Archived from the original on 20 January Retrieved 12 March Archived from the original on 6 October Retrieved 15 September Archived from the original on 6 September Retrieved 8 September An examination of early Portuguese and Western archival materials.
Archived from the original on 13 October Retrieved 2 January Dictionary of dates, and universal reference. China was given to the Portuguese as a commercial station in in return for their assistance against pirates , subject to an annual tribute, which was remitted in Here Camoens composed part of the "Lusiad.
The Chinese were obliged to restrict the commerce of Portugal to the port of Macau, in A partnership was then formed with some Chinese dealers in Canton, who were to furnish exports and take delivery of imports at Macau.
This scheme did not suit the Chinese; they were dissatisfied with their partners, and speedily dissolved the connection. The Survival of Empire: Atlas of languages of intercultural communication in the Pacific, Asia and the Americas.
The Portuguese population of Macau was never very large. Macau History and Society illustrated ed. Hong Kong University Press.
This is a time when there were most African slaves, about In comparison there were about to during the later Portuguese rule in Macau.
Archived from the original on 24 December Retrieved 6 January Slavery and South Asian history illustrated ed.
Portuguese,"he concluded;"The Portuguese beat us off from Macau with their slaves. A miscellaneous assemblage of Portuguese soldiers, citizens, African slaves, friars, and Jesuits managed to withstand the attack.
On June 24, , a Dutch fleet under Captain Kornelis Reyerszoon assembled a landing force of some armed sailors, a number thought more than sufficient to overpower Macau's relatively weak garrison.
Macau's future as a Dutch colony seemed all but assured, since the city's Volume 1 of African diaspora research. Michigan State University Press.
Jan Coen, who had been sent to establish a Dutch base on the China coast, wrote about the slaves who served the Portuguese so faithfully: A year later, Captain Coen was still harping on the same theme: Fidalgos in the Far East — 2nd, illustrated, reprint ed.
The enemy, it was reported, 'had lost many more men than we, albeit mostly slaves. Our people saw very few Portuguese'. A year later he was still harping on the same theme.
The Defences of Macau: Sovereignty at the Edge: Archived from the original on 1 February Retrieved 18 January Archived from the original on 24 October Archived from the original on 30 October Retrieved 7 January Archived from the original on 20 March Archived from the original on 5 January Het drooggelegde gebied heet Cotai , een portmanteau van Coloane en Taipa.
Op het schiereiland heeft er onder andere landaanwinning plaatsgevonden door het afsluiten van de baaien die nu resteren als Nam Vanmeer en Sai Vanmeer.
Eind werd de bouw gestart van de Hongkong-Zhuhai—Macau-brug. De brug en tunnel gaat over de hoofdarm van de Parelrivierdelta en verbindt Macau met Hongkong.
Sinds de ingebruikname in februari is de reistijd tussen de twee steden zo'n 40 minuten. Voorheen was de reistijd nog circa 4 uur.
Toen Macau door China bestuurd ging worden vertrokken veel Chinezen en Portugezen, men was bang voor de communistische grootmacht. De bevolkingsgroei bestaat voornamelijk uit Chinezen uit de Volksrepubliek en overzeese werkers.
In had Macau De meest gesproken taal in de regio is het Standaardkantonees. Andere talen zoals Engels en Helaohua worden in aparte gemeenschappen gesproken.
Voor het Chinees wordt er gebruikgemaakt van traditionele Chinese karakters. Tegenwoordig kampt Macau met een groot probleem: De gokpaleizen zijn de oorzaak; zij bieden een loon dat drie keer zo hoog ligt als het standaardloon in Macau.
Er zijn echter ook veel Hongkongse werkzoekenden naar het gebied gekomen, waardoor de arbeidersmarkt toeneemt. De meeste inwoners van Macau doen aan de Chinese volksreligie.
Het hoofd van de overheid is het staatshoofd. De wetgevende macht ligt in de Wetgevende Vergadering van Macau. Dit orgaan telt 29 leden: Politieke partijen in Macau.